sttp supports basic, bearer-token based authentication and digest authentication. Two first cases are handled by adding an
Authorization header with the appropriate credentials.
Basic authentication, using which the username and password are encoded using Base64, can be added as follows:
import sttp.client._ val username = "mary" val password = "p@assword" basicRequest.auth.basic(username, password)
A bearer token can be added using:
val token = "zMDjRfl76ZC9Ub0wnz4XsNiRVBChTYbJcE3F" basicRequest.auth.bearer(token)
This type of authentication works differently. In its assumptions it is based on an additional message exchange between client and server. Due to that a special wrapping backend is need to handle that additional logic.
In order to add digest authentication support just wrap other backend as follows:
val myBackend: SttpBackend[Identity, Nothing, NothingT] = HttpURLConnectionBackend() new DigestAuthenticationBackend[Identity, Nothing, NothingT](myBackend)
Then only thing which we need to do is to pass our credentials to the relevant request:
val secureRequest = basicRequest.auth.digest(username, password)
It is also possible to use digest authentication against proxy:
val secureProxyRequest = basicRequest.proxyAuth.digest(username, password)
Both of above methods can be combined with different values if proxy and target server use digest authentication.
To learn more about digest authentication visit wikipedia
Also keep in mind that there are some limitations with the current implementation:
- there is no caching so each request will result in an additional round-trip (or two in case of proxy and server)
- authorizationInfo is not supported
- scalajs supports only md5 algorithm
You can use sttp with OAuth2. Looking at the OAuth2 protocol flow, sttp might be helpful in the second and third step of the process:
- (A)/(B) - Your UI needs to enable the user to authenticate. Your application will then receive a callback from the authentication server, which will include an authentication code.
- (C)/(D) - You need to send a request to the authentication server, passing in the authentication code from step 1. You’ll receive an access token in response (and optionally a refresh token). For example, if you were using GitHub as your authentication server, you’d need to take the values of
clientSecretfrom the GitHub settings, then take the
authCodereceived in step 1 above, and send a request like this:
import sttp.client.circe._ import io.circe._ import io.circe.generic.semiauto._ val authCode = "SplxlOBeZQQYbYS6WxSbIA" val clientId = "myClient123" val clientSecret = "s3cret" case class MyTokenResponse(access_token: String, scope: String, token_type: String, refresh_token: Option[String]) implicit val tokenResponseDecoder: Decoder[MyTokenResponse] = deriveDecoder[MyTokenResponse] implicit val myBackend = HttpURLConnectionBackend() val tokenRequest = basicRequest .post(uri"https://github.com/login/oauth/access_token?code=$authCode&grant_type=authorization_code") .auth .basic(clientId, clientSecret) .header("accept","application/json") val authResponse = tokenRequest.response(asJson[MyTokenResponse]).send() val accessToken = authResponse.body.map(_.access_token)
- (E)/(F) - Once you have the access token, you can use it to request the protected resource from the resource server, depending on its specification.